“Blá-Maðrs were the Viking Moors

Nashid Al-Amin, a Moorish scholar and educator, is the author of “True Myth: Black Vikings of the Middle Ages,” published in 2013. Al-Amin opened his book with a bang: “Europe, we are told, has always been the domain of white-skinned people, classified variously as Caucasians, Whites, Nordics, Aryans, Indo-Europeans—white people. According to Al-Amin, a wide range of Black groups, such as the Scythic peoples, the Danes, the Celts and the Skjoldungs inhabited and ruled much of Northern and Western Europe and built megalithic structures which are reportedly still standing more than 1,000 years later.  The Vikings, Norsemen or Scandinavians—particularly those of the so-called “Viking Age” (i.e., c. 800-1100 AD)—were a predominantly black- and dark-skinned, non-Caucasian people, and that Blacks, whether of African or Asian descent, were not strangers to any part of Europe in ancient or historical times.

Source: An Interesting Side to Black History: The Black Vikings By Demetrius Dillard

An Icelandic-English Dictionary based on the Ms. Collections of the Late Richard Cleasby
Vigfusson, Gudbrand

blá-maðr, m. A BLACK MAN, NEGRO, i.e. AN ETHIOPIAN, Al. 51, Orkn. 364 (referring to A.D. 1152), distinguished from the Saracens and Arabians; three ‘blámenn’ were sent as a present to the German emperor Frederic the Second, Fms. x. 3: in romances blámenn are mentioned as A KIND OF ‘BERSERKERS,’” q.v., Finnb. ch. 16, Kjalnes. S. ch. 15; cp. Scott’s Ivanhoe, note B. 

A portrait of Guðbrandur Vigfússon by Sigurður málari.

Source: AN ICELANDIC-ENGLISH DICTIONARY by Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson(1874)

There are Irish records of a Viking raid on Spain and North Africa in 862. During the raid, a number of Blacks were captured and some carried to Dublin. In Ireland, they were known as “blue men” (Irish, fir gorma\ Old Norse, blamenn).”

“The entry is under the title:

Three Fragments Copied from Ancient Sources,” and sheds further light on the ethnicity of the Moors. The entry reads: After that, the Scandinavians went through the country, and ravaged it; and they burned the whole land, and they brought a great host of [the Moors] in captivity with them to Ireland. These are the ‘blue men’ (firgorma ); because the Moors are the same as negroes; Mauretania is the same as negro-land.”

Source: “Golden Age of the Moor” book under the title ” The Moor in Africa and Europe” by Ivan Van Sertima. 

The Irish annalists were a lesson to all with their division of Norse invaders into White Foreigners, Norwegians(Finn-gaill), and Black Foreigners, Danes(Dubh-gaill), but it was a lesson no one heeded; nor do we know why they distinguished them by colour.”

A History of the Vikings by Gwyn Jones

 “The Welsh chroniclers, for example, made no such clear distinction. The Danes coming in by way of England and the Norwegians by way of Ireland were pretty well all black: Black Gentiles(y Kenedloed Duon), Black Norsemen(y Normanyeit Duon), Black Host, Pagans, Devils and the like.”(CONT.) “According to Egils Saga, of the 2 famous sons of Kveldulf, Thorolf was tall and handsome like his mother’s people, but Grim took after his father was black and ugly. Grim’s sons Thorolf and Egill, born out in Iceland, repeated the pattern- Thorolf was the image of his uncle, tall, handsome and sunny-natured, and many Egill was black, even uglier than his father, totuous and incalculable,…..etc. craggy head, broad nose, heavy jaw and swart visage.” 

Source: A HISTORY OF THE VIKINGS by Gwyn Jones(1968)

Niger Val Dub “King Kenneth of the Picts” 997a.d. to 1004 a.d.

“Prince of Maine Mor (moor) was accompanied by his father Eochaidh, and his two sons Breasal and Amlaff.” Eochaid mac Run, known in English simply as Eochaid, was king of the Picts from 878 to 889. He was a son of Run, King of Strathclyde, and his mother was the daughter of Kenneth MacAlpin (NIGER VAL DUBH) The Moors were dominant in Scotland in the 10th century. One of them, was known as King Kenneth, sometimes as Niger or Dubh, a surname which means ‘the black man.’ It is a historical fact that Niger Val Dubh lived and reigned over certain black divisions in scotland – and that a race known as ‘the sons of the blacks’ succeeded him in history. (JA Rogers, Sex and Race)

Source: Niger Val Dub “King Kenneth of the Picts” 997a.d. to 1004a.d.

Scandinavian Britain, Part 1 Front Cover William Gershom Collingwood

 “There are turning hither to our shore lithe keels, ring-stags [ships] with long sail-yards, many shields, shaven oars, A NOBLE SEA-LEVY, MERRY WARRIORS. Fifteen companies are coming ashore, but out in Sogn there lie seven thousand more. There lie here in the dock off Cliff-holt surf-deer [ships] SWART-BLACK and GOLD ADORNED. There is by far the most of their host.” Helge Lay, i. 197-206.” 

Source: SCANDINAVIAN BRITAIN by William Gershom Collingwood (1908)

Thorfinn Karlsefni

 “There was a man hight Thorvard; he married Freydis, a natural daughter of Erik the Red; he went [219] also with them, and Thorvald the son of Erik (100), and THORHALL who was called the hunter; he had long been with Erik, and served him as huntsman in summer and steward in winter; he was a large man, and strong, BLACK AND LIKE A GIANT, silent and foul-mouthed in his speech, and always egged on Erik to the worst” 


A Book of the Beginnings, Vol.1 (Cosimo Classics: Metaphysics)
by Gerald Masse

 “The evidence indicates that Blacks in ancient times came to Britain from Spain, Felix Arabia, Egypt, EthiopiaWest AfricaIndiaPersia and what is today named Denmark. These Negroes were builders, scientists, masters of ocean travel and inventors of letters, according to Higgins, they built Stonehende,

Source: Gerald Massey agrees pg 11 Book of The Beginnings

Ancient and Modern Britons- MacRitchie

“The Danes, then were like the ‘MOORs’ -black. Like them, too, they were Picts, as more than one eminent writer has proved. The title of’GROM’ (WOAD-STAINED) is not confined to Highland genealogies, it was the actual name of a grim old pagan Dane who ruled over Denmark,(it meant daub).”

“Any comprehensive account of the African presence in early Europe should include England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and Scandinavia. The history and legends of Scotland confirm the existence of “purely Black people.” We see one of them in the person of Kenneth the Niger. During the tenth century Kenneth the Niger ruled over three provinces in the Scottish Highlands.”

“The historical and literary traditions of Wales reflect similar beliefs. According to Gwyn Jones (perhaps the world’s leading authority on the subject), to the Welsh chroniclers, “The Danes coming in by way of England and the Norwegians by way of Ireland were pretty well all black: Black Gentiles, Black Norsemen, Black Host.”

“There is also strong reason to suggest an African presence in ancient Ireland. We have, for example, the legends of the mysterious “African sea-rovers, the Fomorians, who had a stronghold on Torrey Island, off the Northwest Coast.” The Fomorians, shrouded deep in mist, came to be regarded as the sinister forces in Irish mythology.”

The Feok Festival is an important festival celebrated annually by the people of Sandema in northern Ghana for two reasons: to commemorate their victory over slave raiders led by ‘Babatu’ in the 18th century; and to celebrate good harvest for the season.

“A prominent Viking of the eleventh century was Thorhall, who was aboard the ship that carried the early Vikings to the shores of North America. Thorhall was “the huntsman in summer, and in winter the steward of Eric the Red. He was, it is said, a large man, and strong, black, and like a giant, silent, and foul-mouthed in his speech, and always egged on Eric to the worst; he was a bad Christian.”

“Another Viking, more notable than Thorhall, was Earl Thorfinn, “the most distinguished of all the earls in the Islands.” Thorfinn ruled over nine earldoms in Scotland and Ireland, and died at the age of seventy-five. His widow married the king of Scotland. Thorfinn was described as “one of the largest men in point of stature, and ugly, sharp featured, and somewhat tawny, and the most martial looking man… It has been related that he was the foremost of all his men.”

David MacRitchie, JA Rogers, Godfre Higgins, and Giuseppi Sergi give quiet a deal of insight on it. Also W.B., The Doctrine of Celtism, Notes and Queries, (1871) 7: p.8. Quote:

“here is genetic and linguistic evidence that proves that the Celts were Black or African people. An examination of the language spoken by the Basque has a Niger-Congo substratum. C.J.K. Cambell-Dunn has found a Niger-Congo substratum in Basque .(9) Dr. Cambell-Dunn found that the Niger-Congo and Basque languages share personal pronouns, numerals and vocabulary items. There is also genetic evidence linking the Basque and Niger-Congo speakers. Both groups share SRY10831.1, YAP, M2,M173(xR1a,R1b3), E3*-P2, E3b2-M81 . (10)This linguistic and genetic evidence supports the African origin of the Celts. The original Danes or Vikings were Blacks . (11)This is made clear in the Oseberg 8th Century Vikings on the Norway Sledge carving of the Black seafarers that populated the region at this time. It is clear from this carving that the 8th Century Vikings were different from the Blond, big bodied folk of Viking legends. ibid Tacitus in 70 or 90 b.c.e. a Roman historian notes that the “Silures”of Britania have some who are dark skinned with “unusually curly hair”.In J.A.Rogers Sex&Race vol.1and other books

SOURCES: Source: Page 121, -David MacRitchie- Ancient and Modern Britons: Volume One (Ancient & Modern Britons)

One of the excavated fragments made from fine silk and silver thread discovered at the two Swedish sites, Birka and Gamla Uppsala

“Researchers in Sweden have found Arabic characters woven into burial costumes from Viking boat graves. The discovery raises new questions about the influence of Islam in Scandinavia, writes journalist Tharik Hussain. They were kept in storage for more than 100 years, dismissed as typical examples of Viking Age funeral clothes. But a new investigation into the garments – found in 9th and 10th Century graves – has thrown up groundbreaking insights into contact between the Viking and Muslim worlds. Patterns woven with silk and silver thread have been found to spell the words “Allah” and “Ali”. The breakthrough was made by textile archaeologist Annika Larsson of Uppsala University while re-examining the remnants of burial costumes from male and female boat and chamber graves originally excavated in Birka and Gamla Uppsala in Sweden in the late 19th and mid-20th centuries. She became interested in the forgotten fragments after realising the material had come from central Asia, Persia and China. Larsson says the tiny geometric designs – no more than 1.5cm (0.6in) high – resembled nothing she had come across in Scandinavia before. “I couldn’t quite make sense of them and then I remembered where I had seen similar designs – in Spain, on Moorish textiles.”

Enlarging the patterns and looking at the reflection in a mirror revealed the word ‘Allah’ (God) in Arabic

Larsson has so far found the names on at least 10 of the nearly 100 pieces she is working through, and they always appear together. The new find now raises fascinating questions about the grave’s occupants. The possibility that some of those in the graves were Muslim cannot be completely ruled out,” she says. We know from other Viking tomb excavations that DNA analysis has shown some of the people buried in them originated from places like Persia, where Islam was very dominant.”


A Viking ring with a Kufic inscription saying “for Allah” was found inside a 9th Century woman’s grave in Birka two years ago


“The name Ali is repeated again and again beside Allah,” she says. “I know Ali is highly revered by the largest Muslim minority group, the Shia, and have wondered if there is a connection.” Ali was the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad, having married his daughter Fatima. He also became the fourth leader of the Muslim community after Muhammad died. Although both Sunnis and Shia revere Ali as an important companion of Muhammad, he has elevated status amongst the Shia, who see him as the Prophet’s spiritual heir. “The use of Ali does suggest a Shia connection,” says Amir De Martino, programme leader of Islamic studies at the Islamic College in London.


Inscriptions on the ceiling of an Alevi mausoleum in Bulgaria feature – on the right – the names Allah, Muhammad and Ali written in legible, simple Arabic while on the left there is a blue mystic pattern with the three names interlocked

“The names Allah and Ali are often represented in enigmatic patterns inside the tombs and books of mystical Shia sects such as the Alevis and Bektashis to this day, but always they are accompanied by the name Muhammad. These can sometimes include mirrored script.”

Source: Why did Vikings have ‘Allah’ embroidered into funeral clothes?

The Europeans make it clear that the early Welsh were Black Celts. They were a small black race that came to Britain from Iberia. They were forced off the mainland by whites.

T.R. (1890). The Gael at Bala. Bye-Gones, 26 Feb, pp.320-321.

Dr. Masson reported on the Highlanders of Canada. He said they were of the descendants Black Celts. Dr, Masson made it clear these Highlanders spoke Caelic and had African faces. Black Celts 2

Dr. Masson. (1875). “The Gael of the Far West”, The Academy, Oct.30, pg.451.

William Chamers , in Information for the people, said the Celts were descendants of Blacks who mixed with invading white tribes. Chambers said these Celts were Northern Ethiopians.

The earliest Swedes had black skin and blue eyes? Local netizens are not calm

“The first Swedes were dark-skinned hunters and collectors, who moved to Scandinavia from the south at the end of the Ice Age. There, they were quickly joined by another immigration wave, this time from the east, resulting in stone age Europe’s most diverse population, a new documentary by Sweden’s national SVT broadcaster has claimed. Mattias Jakobsson, a professor of genetics at Uppsala University and a researcher of the Atlas project, which aims to map the genome of Sweden’s early population, stressed that unlike present-day Swedes, their ancestors had dark skin, as a legacy of their African origin.”

Source: Swedes Seethe Over Documentary Claiming Their Ancestors Were Dark-Skinned

“The documentary uses an early human genetic map drawn by a professor of genetics at Uppsala University in Sweden. About 11,000 years ago, the first pioneers with black skin and blue eyes entered Sweden from the south. The first pioneers lived in the southern provinces of Skona and Buhus in the west. They learned to use marine resources through constant attempts. These netizensstatements have traces to follow. After the outbreak of the European refugee crisis, 163,000 people, mostly from Africa and the Middle East, flooded into Sweden in 2015 alone, making Sweden the largest per capita recipient of refugees in the EU countries.”

Source: The earliest Swedes had black skin and blue eyes? Local netizens are not calm



Moors of North America

“Turf-built Cots” 277 turf-covered gamine, or cota* of the Lapps, and its architecture is visibly the … In short, these turf-built wigwams are the dwellings of the Scoto-Picts, or Egyptian Moors, whether we look at these people in their latest individual form, or as they appeared in the Hebrides last century, or at an earlier date than that when they formed an important political entity in the British Islands (which their civilized and hybrid descendants still do). And their dwellings form one of the very numerous links that unite the painted “Moors” of Scotland with certain kindred races in Europe, Asia, and America.”
“Compare English cot, cote, and cottage: also Gaelic cot, cota, a cottage; cota, a coat, a petitcoat. The radical meaning of this word would seem to be “something that covers or encloses.” In its Gaelic sense of a covering for the body, it is found among the “Moors” of North America, as, for example, in the matchecota or principal female garment [referred to by Longfellow in a note to “the principal garment” and the under garment.” (There are other so-called “Indian” words, which are still to be found in English dictionaries, and where the resemblance increases to absolute identity.”

Moors Have Always Asserted Their Rights As A Distinct Nationality


“According to David Mac Ritchie ” Mr. Skene does not regard Fordun’s description as wholly accurate; and Fordun, be it remembered, did not write until two hundred years after this event. Since the north eastern corner of this twelfth century “Moors’ country” has continued t bear the name of “Moray’ country” has continued to bear the name of “Moray” down to the present day, and as another portion of that large territory is still known as “the Black Isle;” it would appear that various “reservations” were left to the native tribes, after the conquest;–or that such scraps of their original country were retained by them against the will of their enemies.”

Source: Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1

“However, Mr. Skene endorses Fordun’s statement to this extent –that Malcolm certainly granted large tracts of the more fertile regions of the “Moors’ country to certain of his followers (two of whom were Femings, named Berowald and Freskine, understood to be the respective ancestors, inter alia, of the north country Inneses and the modern dukes of Athle). One of the fertile districts particularized by Mr. Skene is in that very portion that longest retained the name of “Moray;”.

Source: Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1 Page 178.

“But, though these Flemish colonist, and others of “his own peaceful people,” supplanted the intractable “Moors” in certain districts of that northern “Moravia,” yet Mr. Skene seems to think that considerable numbers of the earlier inhabitants continued to inhabit their fatherland, even after the ownership of it had been given to others…All through the twelfth century, indeed, these half suppressed races appear to have been in a state of ferment: now acting as auxiliaries in the armies of their overlords; and again asserting their rights as distinct nationalities. 

Source: Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1 Page 179.

“This appeal undoubtedly indicates—what modern historians agree in telling us–that the greater portion of Great Britain, during this twelfth century, was dominated by Normans and semi-Normans. And this lord of Annadale by Norman and Northman–clearly regarded “the Scots” as conquered aborigines. That this ruling caste, to which the King of “Scotland” and his nobles belonged, was composed chiefly, or altogether, of white skinned men, may be regarded as almost certain. And it is equally certain that a considerable portion of the North-British army at this period (the middle of the twelfth century) was made up of gypsy” tribes:–the vanguard being wholly composed of the painted “Indians” of Galloway; and the main portion of the rearguard consisting of the newly conquered “Moors” of northern “Moravia” (Moor-, or Morrow-, or Murray-Land), together with other “Scots,”–this rear battalion being under the immediate supervision of the King and his Norman or semi-Norman nobility.”

Source: Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1 Page 177

“The people whom we are accustomed to regard as “gipsies” are not everywhere identical in dress and customs. Nor is this to be wondered at, since “gipsies” are merely the residuum of various epochs and various nationalities.”

Source: Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1 Page 270

“This usage outlasted Shakespeare by at least two generations. In a brief narrative of the encounters between the early colonist of New England and the native “Indians,” I find it stated that “…..these unfortunate gentlemen were intercepted by 700 Moors, with whom they fought for the space of four hours, till not only they two but Capt. Sharp and fifty-one Christians more lay dead upon the place.” And again that “at Woodcock[s[, ten miles from Seconch, on the 16th May, was a little skrimmage betwixt the Moors and Christians, wherein there was of the later three slain and two wounded, and only two Indians killed.” (“News from New-England, 1676, reprinted at Boston and Albany, U.S., 1850 and 1865.)”

Source: Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume II Page 46

“In reciting the victories of the Roman general Theodosius, Claudian says—Ille leves Mauros, nec false noime Pictos Edomuit– Now, when Claudian wrote, and for a long time after, Maurus signified a great deal more than ” a native of Mauritania.” (Or it may be more correct to say that Mauritania implied as much, though in a different quarter, as “Scythia” did.) Any Latin dictionary,—any old one, at least, will tell you that maurus is “a moor,” a “blackamoor,” or ” a tawny-moor.” And Shakespeare uses the word “moor” as a synonym for “negro.” As that last word bear nowadays a somewhat restricted meaning, it may be better to take the old-fashioned “blackamoor,” as the nearest English rendering of maurus, signifying thereby any black, or brown skinned man. Consequently, the translation of Claudian’s line is this—- He subdued the nimble blackamoors, not wrongly named “the painted people”— and the British Picts, like those of other lands, stand out again as dark-skinned men.”  

Source: Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume II Page 47

“There has been much written about Meerominnen and other “water-people,” and the subject is usually treated mythologically, although capable, I venture to think, of being interpreted realistically. This view of the origin of Maurus must, however, be disregarded here, and out attention turned more directly to the dwellers among the moors and marshes. Whether they gave their name to these places or were so styled because they inhabited them, they were at any rate known as Moors. That is to say, this became the general pronunciation given to the word.”

“The original root seems likelier to have been “mor”, as seen in Cornish, Amorican, and other languages. Jamieson, in his Scottish Dictionary, says of the word “moriave,”, defined by him as “black, swarthy, resembling a Moor,”–” This word has certainly been used in Old English, as Cotgrave gives it as the sense of Fr. more, id. It is probably a contraction of Lat. Mauritanus, a moor.” (It would, perhaps, be more correct to say that Lat. Mauritannus and Maurus are extensions of Mor.)”

“He also connects this word with the morion that formed the head-piece of the medieval man at arms. After English word from this root is murrey, mean ing dark red, or copper-color. The country of Moravia is said to receive its name from its chief river the Morava, March, or anciently Marus, and its first known inhabitants are stated to have been a people named Quadi, who emigrated in the fifth century to Gaul and Hispania. “The river Morava” is a tautology; for morava is Mor River, whether ava be regarded as Celtic, or Gothic, or a language older than either. It is not unreasonable to conjecture that the “Quadi” who went into France and Spain may have borne this name “Mor,” the other having been given to them by outsiders, or vice versa. They seem to have been known to the Romans, against whom they fought, by the first of these names.”

“Lempriere gives several nations bearing names beginning with Mor: the Morei or Morienses in India, and the Moruni in that country also, and the Morini, a people of Belgic Gaul, on the shores of the British Ocean, are examples. The Mauri* of Mauritania are perhaps the most notable examples of a nation bearing this name, though in a slightly altered shape. The consideration of this word, and of the localization of races thus named, is not irrelevant at this point. For although it may not be easy to trace their route hither, and the date of their arrival, a branch of this family did inhabit Britain, and are not only known as Mauri and Moors, but also as Moravienses, Morienses (identical with the name of those in India), Murray0men, and people of Moray or Moravia. This name Moravia was given to two districts in Scotland, one of the most important in the north-central, and the other in the southern portion of the country. That the Picts, known to the Romans as Mauri, were finally divided into two sections inhabiting these localities, is a speaking fact which it is well to remember at this juncture. The smaller district in the south has been the name-father of a family distinguished in Scottish history, the Murrays of Philiphaugh in Selkirkshire, whose ancestor, Archibald de Moravia, was among those who subscribed fealty to Edward I. of England, in 1296. One of the estates of this clan bore the significant name of the Black Barony. Of course, the race of Archibald de Moravia many have been that of an intruding army, and not necessarily that of the Moravienses, as he was simply Archibald [lord] of Moravia. “Sir Charles a Murre” who fought at Chevy Chase, of the same clan, shows the name in its modern form or approximately.”

Source: Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1 By David MacRitchie Page 50

“Sir Walter Scott has this to say regarding it: –“Considerable diversity of opinion exist respecting the introduction of the Moorice dance into Britian. The name points it out as a of Moorish origin; and so popular has this leaping kind of dancing for many centuries been in this country, that when Handel was asked to point out the peculiar taste in dancing and music of the several nations of Europe to the French he ascribed the minuet; to the Spaniard, the saraband; to the Italian, the Marietta; to the English, the hornpipe, or Morrice dance.” So that it was actually regarded as the national dance of our country! England has never been invaded from Morocco during historic times,—nor even is this dance the property of the people of Morocco. It is peculiarly British. And yet “of Moorish origin?” Yes,—but the date of its introduction into Britian by the Moors was the date of the landing of the Pictish people, whensoever that may have been.” 

Source: Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1 By David MacRitchie

“For example, we see one of the black people–the Moors of the Romans–in the person of a King of Alban of the tenth century. History knows him sometimes as Kenneth, sometimes as Dubh, and sometimes as Niger. “The version of the Pictish Chronicle in the Irish Nennius calls him ‘Cinaed vel Dubh,” and St. Berchan styles him “Dubh of the three black divisions.” “The Picts seems to have preserved a tradition that the whole nation was once divided into seven provinces,” and it would appear that “the three black divisions” over which Dubh, or The Black, held sway formed that portion of the original seven which still remained untouched by the white races; in short, the Pictish provinces. He seems to have been constatnlty at war with Cuilean, or Caniculus, “The Young Dog,” who is called Fionn or White, by St. Berchan; and eventually White succeeded in driving Black out of the country and reigning in his stead for more than twenty years after.”

Source: Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, Volume 1 By David MacRitchie