Nothing, surely, could be more clear and emphatic, unless, perhaps, the statement of the same position by the chairman of Foreign Affairs in this House.
On 1he 3d of February 1845, he introduced his resolutions, and spoke in explanation of them; and, on the subject of the boundary, said:
“The stupendous deserts between the Nueces and the Bravo rivers are the natural boundaries between the Anglo Saxon and the Mauritanian races. There ends of the valley of the west.
There Mexico begins. Thence, beyond the Bravo, beginsthe Moorishpeople, andtheirIndianassociates, to whom Mexico properly belongs; who should not cross that vast desert if they could, as we, on our side, too ought to stop there, because interminable conflicts must ensure our going south, or their coming north, of that gigantic boundary.
While peace is cherished, that boundary will be sacred. Not till the spirit of Conquest rages, will the people on either side molest or mix with each other; and whenever they do, one or the other races must be conquered, if not extinguished.
“Here, Mr. Chairman, we see again an offical declaration of this boundary made to quiet all fear that our relations with Mexico would be disturbed by claiming to the Rio Grande! And we see, also, the spirit of prophecy proclaiming, in tones of solemn warning, that while peace is cherished, the desert will be held sacred as the boundary! that not till the spirit of conquest rages will the people on either side of it molest or mix each other! Sir, it is because peace is no longer cherished, that the boundary is not held sacred. It is because the barbarous spirit that animated this declaration, could still have controlled the councils of the President, we should now be in the enjoyment of peace. But mark how the lapse of a few months bring with it a change of opinons to suit the changing purposes of party and of men. We were called upon, a few days since, by this same chairman, to print some extra copies of a report, made at the last session by him, on the subject of the Mexican war. It had fallen dead upon the attention of the country, but by the vote to print, it was elevated to a degree of distinction which alone entitles it to attention; and I accordingly have run through its voluminous pages. And I was not surprised to find a paragraoh upon the subject of boundary, so entirely contradictory of every thing contained in the above exact, that it worthy of being collated and contrasted. It is on the 44th page, and is as follows:
“President Polk had no constitutional right to stiop short of the Bravo; and, in truth, the province of Texas extended to that river by territorial configurarion, which nature itself has rendered the limitary demarcation of that region.”“In 1878, his attention as directed to its former presence at the Belvidere Museum by a notice in Baron von Sacken’s descriptive catalog of the Imperial Ambras collection printed in Vienna in 1855, wherein, among rare objects from various parts of the world, it is mentioned as follows: “No. 3—A Mexican head-dress about 3 ft. in height composed of magnificent green feathers studded with small plates of gold. This specimen was termed in the inventory of 1596 ‘a Moorish hat.” Guided by this note, Herr von Hochstetter with the assistance of Dr. Ilg, the custodian of the Ambras collection, found the precious relic and rescued it from an obscure corner of a show-case where it hung, folded together, next to a medieval bishop’s mitre and surrounded by sundry curiosities from North America, China and Sunda Islands. On folio 472 of the ancient document, it is cataloged with other objects in feather-work contained in a chest (No. 9) and is described as a Moorish hat of beautiful, long, lustrous green and gold-hued feathers, bedecked above with white, red and blue feathers and gold rosettes and ornaments. In front, on the forehead, it has a beak of pure gold. The term Moorish, as here applied can scarcely be regarded as a deceptive one inasmuch as “Montezuma, the king of Temistitan and Mexico,” is subsequently designated as “a Moorish king” in this same inventory of 1596. (See p.9) It is interesting to note the gradual changes that occur in the wording of the subsequent periodical official registrations of this “Moorish hat.” In 1613 its description was faithfully reproduced. In 1621 the word “Indian” was substituted for “Moorish:” with this single alteration, the original text was transcribed in 1730. In 1788, however, a remarkable transformation was effected, the hat became “an apron” and the official record reads An Indian apron of long green feathers. It is garnished above with a narrow band of white feathers, followed by a broad one of green, then there is a narrow stripe of red and broad one of blue. The bands are studded with crescents or horseshoes, small circular plates and other than gold pieces. The old inventory designates this object as an Indian hat.” The Inventory of 1596 affords the corrobative proof of a previously existing method of labelling the articles in the Archducal Musuem by the reference (after its brief entry) to ” a slip of paper attached to it,” for further details concerning the history of an Indian axe ” that had belonged to a Moorish king. This weapon belonged to Montezuma II, king of Temistitan and Mexico. It was sent by the Spanish Captain Ferdinand Cortes to the Pope whence it came as a present to Archdule Ferdinand.”
Qouting Dr. Aisha Khan author of Islam and the Americas (New World Diasporas) :
“The Spanish conquistador Hernon Cortez arrived in Mexico in 1519 and referred to the Aztecs he encountered as Moors, and one priest in Cortez part said that the indigenous peoples of northern Mexico reminded him of al Arabes or Arabs, Spaniards called Aztec and Inca temples mosques and drew parallels between some Indian and Islamic rituals that involved animal sacrifice.”