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Our Research

Check out our findings, research, studies, and reports from our scholars and researchers.

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NOVEMBER 4, 2019

Several educated Mohammedan Negroes were imported in the United States as Slaves

  “There have been several educated Mohammedan Negroes imported in the United...

0

SEPTEMBER 24, 2019

White over black: American attitudes toward the Moores, 1550-1812

  “As suggested by Sandys’s remark, an equation had developed between...

0

SEPTEMBER 23, 2019

Handbook of North American Indians

“Although the native people initially showed a desire to deal peacefully with the...

0

SEPTEMBER 23, 2019

The Races of Man: An Outline of Anthropology and Ethnography By Joseph Deniker

Trarza Moor of the Senegal   “The nomadic or settled Moors of the western...

0

SEPTEMBER 21, 2019

“Negus” is Not the origin of “Nigger”

In terms of historical chronology the first known use of the term “Negus”...

0

SEPTEMBER 21, 2019

Black Tudors: The Untold Story by Miranda Kaufmann

“As early as 1489, William Caxton wrote: ‘He was so angry for it, that he...

0

AUGUST 11, 2019

Britain and Morocco During the Embassy of John Drummond Hay

“The first contacts between Morocco and England date back to the first decade of...

0

JULY 19, 2019

Homer was an Aethiopian Maure, the greatest of the Grecian poets, and a Historian

The blacks were the ancient poets and learned historians. The celebrated Homer was an...

0

JULY 18, 2019

Afer, Indian, and Aethiops as Equivalents of Maurus

“Although Aethiops is by far the most common generic word which the Greeks and...

1

JULY 1, 2019

Islam’s Black Slaves: The Other Black Diaspora By Ronald Segal

“From many centuries, merchants–mainly Moors from Morocco and Mauritania, but...

0

JUNE 27, 2019

Angola Under the Portuguese: The Myth and the Reality

      “Freyre and others maintain that there was considerable miscegenation...

1

JUNE 26, 2019

Three principal tribes of Aethiopians, the Hesperi, Garamantes, and Indians

Dana Reynolds Marniche article published an article titled: AFRO-ASIAN DISPERSALS: How...

1

JUNE 15, 2019

Tangier, England’s lost Atlantic outpost, 1661-1684

  “English consuls in the pirate cities lived in constant danger. When the...

0

JUNE 11, 2019

The United States is a “Sovereign Corporation Aggregate”

  The sovereign power being in the people, it can be exercised only through an...

0

MAY 23, 2019

Moorish Spain By Richard A. Fletcher

  “Thus far the Islamic presence in Spain has been considered from a western...

0

MAY 22, 2019

History of Brazil, Volume 3

  “The Moors of Morocco at this time took from the Portuguese the last of...

0

MAY 22, 2019

Black and white: the Negro and English society, 1555-1945

“Visitors to England were forcibly struck by the number of Blacks to be seen in...

0

MAY 22, 2019

The Canarian: Or, Book of the Conquest and Conversion of the Canarians

“A reference to the map of Abul Hassan Ali Ben Omar (1230) shows us this Western...

0

MAY 21, 2019

Some Historical Account of Guinea

“The most ancient account we have of the country of the Negroes, particulary that...

0

MAY 19, 2019

The American Nations of North and South America, Vol. 1

“In proceeding from the known to the unknown: we ascertain that a multitude of...

0

MAY 15, 2019

The Routledge Handbook of the History of Race and the American Military

“In addition to compassion, Euro-Americans believed that Mexicans lagged behind in...

0

MAY 15, 2019

1845 Speech on the Mexican War By U.S. House Representative George Ashmun

“George Ashmun (December 25, 1804 – July 16, 1870) was a Whig member of the U.S....

1

MAY 15, 2019

Jewish Communities in West Africa and the Making of the Atlantic World

“Almost thirty years earlier, a very different sequence of events had taken place....

0

MAY 14, 2019

Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhay

  “From ancient times to the middle of the 19th century, one of the biggest...

0

MAY 14, 2019

The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea, Volume 2

“In 1444 and 1445 a number of ships sailed with Henry’s license to...

0

MAY 14, 2019

Timbuktu and the Songhay Empire

“Timbuktu is a town inhabited by people of various races, but the greater part is...

0

MAY 14, 2019

Historical Dictionary of Guinea

  “The origin of the name Guinea is the subject of a long-standing debate....

0

MAY 14, 2019

The Moroccan Conquest of the Songhay Empire

  “Every year [prior to 1591], on the order of the king of Timbuktu [the...

0

MAY 13, 2019

The Works of Sallust

“From the plains of Catabathmos, (which are the Boundaries separating Egypt from...

0

MAY 13, 2019

The Wars of Justinian

  “…nations settled in Libya before the Moors, who on account of having...

0

MAY 13, 2019

North Africa: A History from Antiquity to the Present

    “Livy contemplated Polybius’s generous assessment as he...

0

MAY 10, 2019

Cannae: The Experience of Battle in the Second Punic War

“The Mauri, or Moors, inhabited the lands to the west of the Numidians; they were...

0

MAY 10, 2019

Journal of a tour to Malta, Greece, Asia Minor, Carthage, Algiers, Port Mahon & Spain

  “It was stated to me by several Spanish gentlemen, both here and at Malaga,...

0

MAY 10, 2019

Pride of Carthage

“The army was a mixed company made up partly of the veterans stationed at New...

0

MAY 8, 2019

Carthage and Tunis: Past and Present: in Two Parts

“Historians speak only very vaguely of North Africa during the period previous to...

0

MAY 1, 2019

A branch of the Zagawa Berbers called Beni Sefi created Kanem-Bornu

“Kanem-Borno, a former Muslim kingdom located northeast of Lake Chad, was created...

0

MAY 1, 2019

Zaghawa and Sadrata Berbers ruled Kanem in 900 A.D.

These regions have since the eighth century A.D. been a stronghold of Moslem...

0

APRIL 30, 2019

In 990 a.d. the empire of Ghana annexed the Saharan city of Awdaghust

“In 990 The empire of Ghana annexes the Saharan city of Awdaghust. In 1077-1078...

0

APRIL 30, 2019

The Maga Berber family started the kingdom of Ghana

  “Ghana is a Kingdom in Africa located near what is now the Gold Coast in...

0

APRIL 30, 2019

In 1042 the Berbers who had also converted to Islam conquered Ghana.

“The Ghanaian people were mostly animist, but Islam filtered into the Empire and...

0

APRIL 28, 2019

Discovering the Empire of Ghana

    “Tuareg men are famous for the custom of wearing deep blue turbans...

0

APRIL 28, 2019

The Almoravids’s empire included ancient Ghana

    “During the period of Ghana’s greatest power in the late 10th...

0

APRIL 28, 2019

It was Common for Magrib Berbers to marry Soninke women

    “Scholars have attributed Ghana’s political hegemony to the...

0

APRIL 28, 2019

In 1076, Islamic Berbers defeated the Soninke warriors

  “The rulers of the Soninke people had many titles, one of which was...

0

APRIL 28, 2019

Ancient Ghana: Soninke tribes were ruled by the Maga, a Berber clan from Morocco

  “Ghana 700-1240 Ghana was the first truly African state. Most Africans still...

0

APRIL 28, 2019

Islam in the African-American Experience

“Mervyn Hiskett describes the Islamic lands of West Africa as the area commonly...

0

APRIL 27, 2019

Culture and Customs of Ghana

  “The religous identity of Muslims is more easily ascertained by their...

0

APRIL 27, 2019

Islam and Polity in Northwestern Ghana

“The second group of Muslims: the scholars TM tell of the arrival of the second...

0

APRIL 18, 2019

Residence in Foreign Parts does not affect the Nationality of Moorish subjects

  The U.S. Government sent its first official communication to the Sultan of Morocco...

0

APRIL 1, 2019

Companies Possessed Rights either of Actual or Virtual Sovereignty

The author treats on his subject under two headings that of private international law...

0

MARCH 30, 2019

Notes on Northern Africa, the Sahara and Soudan-William B. Hodgson

“The more ferocious and larger portion of that population consists of the...

0

MARCH 27, 2019

The New American Cyclopaedia: Volume 3

“Berberrs. In that portion of Africa known to moderns as the Barbary states, one...

0

MARCH 27, 2019

Historical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt

  “The original inhabitants of Egypt appear to have belonged to the Hamito-Semetic...

0

MARCH 27, 2019

A History of All Nations: Egypt and Western Asia

“Among the Libyans or Berbers are to be reckoned the Amazerks and Sheloks,...

0

MARCH 14, 2019

Islam is as African as it is Middle Eastern

“Islam penetrated several parts of Africa at different times, and its presence in...

1

MARCH 14, 2019

The Word Moor Found In The Metu Neter

Many people who identify with the modern American Pseudo Khemetic (Egypt) Culture have a...

1

MARCH 14, 2019

Abdel Kader Kane: Moorish Abolitionist (1770s-1800s)

“Abdel Kader Kane was a Moorish leader of the Futa Toro region in Northern Senegal...

1

MARCH 13, 2019

The Phoenician Origin of Britons Scots and Anglo-Saxons by Laurence Waddell

  “Phoencian Penetration of Britian attested by “Barat” Patronym in...

0

MARCH 12, 2019

Portuguese Explorers took every opportunity of kidnapping Moors on Saharan Coast

    “During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the great inducement that...

2

MARCH 12, 2019

First “enslaved Africans” introduced into North America by the Dutch in 1620

“It is generally that as early as 1442, the Portuguese accepted some negroes from...

0

MARCH 12, 2019

American Colonization Society: The Bornu People were of Berber Origin

“At this period his territory did not extend to the northern bend of the Niger,...

0

MARCH 11, 2019

Liberia Vol. I: Portuguese Assisted break up of Moorish dynasty of Beni-Marin

“Portugal, ever since the capture of Ceuta in 1415 (the event which had set Prince...

1

MARCH 10, 2019

Dana Reynolds Marniche: “African History Time For The Children”

The following commentaries were made by Dana Reynolds Marniche. The references provide...

0

MARCH 6, 2019

Moors of North America

“Turf-built Cots” 277 turf-covered gamine, or cota* of the Lapps, and...

1

MARCH 2, 2019

The old Moorish City is full of history written in Stones, Archives, and Races

Oran. Negro Village. Grand Mufti. Co 19, 1985 conference. (Arrived in Oran, February...

0

MARCH 2, 2019

Formidable Power of the Moors Intimidated most of the Grandees of Sanchez Court

  “The luster of their virtues and the glory they acquired daily by their...

0

FEBRUARY 26, 2019

Introduction to the History of African Civilization: Precolonial Africa By C. Magbaily Fyle

“The term ‘Mande’ refers to a kingdom that existed by the twelfth...

0

FEBRUARY 26, 2019

Mande king married several of a Berber chief’s daughters

“Modern Historians believe Ghana began to rise as a commercial power as early as...

0

FEBRUARY 26, 2019

1468 Songhai invaded Timbuktu and conquered Berbers

The Songhai Empire was the largest empire and became the last of the three major empires...

0

FEBRUARY 26, 2019

The phrase “Moorish American” was used in 1893 by Sir Charles Euan Smith

Charles Bean Smith (he added Euan to his surname later) was the son of Dr Euan McLaurin...

0

FEBRUARY 25, 2019

1952 Hague I.C.J. Judges: “Moorish-USA 1836 treaty Apply to Criminal & Civil Cases”

“The Court then considered the extent of the consular jurisdiction of the United...

0

FEBRUARY 25, 2019

Encyclopedia of African History 3-Volume Set

“Founded by the Sunni dynasty, Songhay was the last of the three great empires of...

0

FEBRUARY 25, 2019

Discovering the Songhay Empire By Laura La Bella

  “Askiya Ishaq II offered the Moroccans a tribute of one hundred thousand...

0

FEBRUARY 25, 2019

Africas Legacies Of Urbanization: Unfoldi: Unfolding Saga of a Continent

  “In the interior of western Africa around the same time, Askia the Great, of...

1

FEBRUARY 24, 2019

Territorial Sovereignty of the Sultan of Morocco extended as far as his Religious Suzerainty

Fouad Ammoun was a Minister for Foreign Affairs in Lebanon. Born 1900, educated...

1

FEBRUARY 21, 2019

Black and Slave: The Origins and History of the Curse of Ham By David M. Goldenberg

“The claim of origins of the East goes beyond the Yoruba and Hausa. Law mentions...

0

FEBRUARY 14, 2019

Historical References on the Black African Skin color of the original Berber Tribes

Dana Reynolds-Marniche provided several sources defining the original Berbers. Original...

2

FEBRUARY 12, 2019

The Spanish Conquest in America: and its Relation to the History of Slavery and to the Government of Colonies: Volume I

“As to the Canary islands “Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Moors,...

0

FEBRUARY 12, 2019

Fortunes of Africa

“Whatever kind of trade with Africa was involved, European governments sought to...

0

FEBRUARY 11, 2019

Moors In Colonial Louisiana

“When the African slave trade to Lousiana began, the Company of the Indies’...

0

FEBRUARY 11, 2019

The Jews and Moors in Spain By Joseph Krauskopf

  “The great peninsula, formed the Red Sea, by the Euphrates, by the Gulf of...

0

FEBRUARY 11, 2019

Iberia and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History (Transatlantic Relations)

“Portuguese slavery inherited the Roman peculium, the practice by which slaves...

0

FEBRUARY 7, 2019

Iberian Moors migrated into West Africa 1492

Moor, 1) Muslim of North Africa. Although often assumed to be a black race, in fact, the...

0

FEBRUARY 5, 2019

The Moor’s Head on Crest of Arms of Lord Kirkcudbrithe (Scottish Clan MacLellan)

The author of The History of Galloway (1841) suggests Morrow or Murray is a...

0

FEBRUARY 3, 2019

AMERICA: LATEST, MOST ACCURATE DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW WORLD ORIGINALS

This book is largely a translation of Arnoldus Montanus’ work AMERICA: DE NIEUWE EN...

1

FEBRUARY 2, 2019

Moor or Saracen Heads in Heraldry

Moorish heads in heraldry developed in Germany through the direct contact of the Germanic...

0

FEBRUARY 1, 2019

Moorish Bondage in the Early Modern Atlantic World

The perspective of other Englishmen in Spain’s Atlantic world reinforces the idea...

0

JANUARY 30, 2019

The Barbary Company or Marocco Company 1585

The Barbary Company or Marocco Company was a trading company established by...

0

JANUARY 30, 2019

The English “Andalusia Company” was the “Brotherhood of St George”

Silence has been cast over the history of early English slaveholding in Spain by Gordon...

0

JANUARY 30, 2019

Adventures and Observations on the North Coast of Africa

“In my last letter I asked the question: — Did the Moor and the Arab descend from the...

0

JANUARY 28, 2019

From Al-Andalus to the Americas 13th-17th Centuries

The military dimension of the commercial companies was not limited to the control of...

0

JANUARY 27, 2019

15th Century Moorish-English Relations

  Laamiri contends that for Rogers, the first official contact between Great Britain...

1

JANUARY 27, 2019

Portia & the Prince of Morocco Essay By Ungerer, Gustav

All the concerns of this essay, begin in Andalusia. Slavery was a matter, raised by...

0

JANUARY 27, 2019

Black Skin – 16th Century English Literature

Ieremiah, in The Bible and Holy Scriptures, i.e. the Geneva Bible, trans. William...

1

JANUARY 27, 2019

Shakespeare Studies, Volume 31 edited by Leeds Barroll, Susan Zimmerman

“There is ample evidence that the northwestern African Muslims, the Moors, and...

0

JANUARY 27, 2019

Moors In The New World

“In 1494, a Papal decision, followed by the Treaty of Tordesillas, had already...

0

DECEMBER 27, 2018

Fordham Law Professor Concurs Black Status Is a Disability

  Professor Kimani Paul-Emile, an associate professor of law at Fordham University...

1

DECEMBER 24, 2018

Mombasa means City of the Moors

“The “City of Moors” in Kenya is also called the Old Town of Mombasa is the...

0

DECEMBER 23, 2018

Pete the Moor and European Black Face Traditions

  “In the United States of America, Pete has largely been removed from the...

0

DECEMBER 23, 2018

The Human Species By Armand de Quatrefages

“Amongst the Whites there are entire populations, whose skin is as black as that of...

1

DECEMBER 23, 2018

Are Moors Indigenous To South Carolina?

“The Yamasee or Jamassi, was one of a small number of isolated tribes, dark...

1

DECEMBER 22, 2018

“Deeper Roots” by Abdullah Hakim Quick

Not much is mentioned about the facts surrounding the Moorish presence in the Americas...

0

DECEMBER 22, 2018

England & the Crusades, 1095-1588

“Men from London were in the fleet that sailed from Dartmouth in May 1189 and took...

0

DECEMBER 18, 2018

Excerpts From Black History and Black Identity: A Call for a New Historiography

Precursor Black historians made he assumption that the name Africa was given to a large...

0

DECEMBER 12, 2018

Malcolm X Aka El Hajj Malik Shabazz Discussion On Moorish Civilizations

Ancient Black civilizations Now then, once you see that the condition that we’re in...

0

DECEMBER 10, 2018

Turks, Moors, and Englishmen in the Age of Discovery

For Foss, the three-year ordeal of captivity had no religious relevance. This...

0

DECEMBER 10, 2018

Islam in Britain, 1558-1685

The “Turks ad Moors” of North Africa and the rest of the Ottoman dominions...

0

NOVEMBER 28, 2018

Government Cabinets Were Introduced To Europe By The Moors In Cordoba, Spain

Ministerial Cabinets As Most Governments Have Today Were Introduced By the Moors in...

0

NOVEMBER 28, 2018

The Story Of The Moors In Spain: Backwards Ones Are Called Negroes [Blacks]

The Story of the Moors in Spain is a history of the Moorish Empire in Andalusia,...

0

NOVEMBER 27, 2018

Dictionary Defines The Hebrew Term “Cushite” As “Moor” in English

  “A page from Elia Levita’s 16th century Yiddish-Hebrew-Latin-German...

1

JANUARY 21, 2018

Understanding Of The Concept Of Treaty In Al-Islam By Anisa Abd El Fattah

Before anyone can look into the various meanings of Al-Hudaybiah treaty, or any Muslim...

0

JANUARY 20, 2018

Washington Irving Re-framed The Representative Tradition Of The Moors

“Irving helped to create the modern idea of Christmas. Charles Dickens often gets...

0

JANUARY 20, 2018

West African Moors Beat Columbus By at Least 168 Years

In 1969, Thor Heyerdahl, a Norwegian adventurer crossed the Atlantic ocean from the...

0

JANUARY 19, 2018

Why Status Correction?

Capitis Diminutio Maxima is the definitive legal term for the phrase “stripped of...

1

JANUARY 30, 2017

Saturday Review of Politics, Literature, Science and Art, Volume 106

“This is fortified by a religious faith of intense force, amounting often to...

0

JANUARY 26, 2017

Moorish Europe By Aylmer Von Fleischer Tells Us Dwellers of Arabia Were Black

“In 711 A.D., the Black Moors and others sailed across the straits of Gibraltar and...

0

JANUARY 16, 2017

Mulay Ismail (Reg. 1672-1727) Defended & Supported Jewish Causes In Morocco

“Britons began their seaborne trade in the Mediterranean basin and the east Atlantic...

0

DECEMBER 29, 2016

The Difference Between Moor Rights In American Law And The Rights of U.S. Blacks

 WHEREAS, The Supreme Court of the United States has solemnly declared its opinion that...

3

OCTOBER 28, 2016

The Moors Part I A Lecture Hosted By Afroasiatics Blogspot Owner‎

The lecture is an exploration of the African and Afroasiatic heritage of the Moors and...

0

OCTOBER 28, 2016

“Moor” originally meant “Westerner” not “Black”, “Negro” or “Colored”

  The ancient Maures [Moors] were indeed had skin complexions black as coal or brown...

8

OCTOBER 12, 2016

El Hajj Malik Shabazz Discussion On Who The Moors Are

In the last few chapters of El Hajj Malik Shabazz’s autobiography he made a...

1

OCTOBER 10, 2016

The Moorish Essence of Pensacola By Jeremie Samuel

Local writer Jeremie Samuel points out Moorish architecture in Pensacola,...

1

OCTOBER 10, 2016

Constitution Of Medina Was The First Describing A Secular & Pluralistic Society, Not The Magna Carta!

The constitution of Medina and not the Magna Carta was the first ever constitution...

0

OCTOBER 10, 2016

The African Caliphate: The Life, Works, and Teaching of Shaykh Usman Dan Fodio (1754 – 1817)

“Prior to the spread of Islam into Hausaland, the inhabitants toiled under a...

0

SEPTEMBER 25, 2016

Africa And The Discovery Of America

“Each group on the shores of Senegal has its griots, the Moors as well as the...

0

SEPTEMBER 25, 2016

The International Law of Discovery, Indigenous Peoples

  The Doctrine of Discovery is one of the earliest examples of classical...

0

SEPTEMBER 25, 2016

England And The Discovery Of America, 1481-1620

The narrative is familiar; the Cabot voyages, the grace of Shadowy ventures in Henry...

0

SEPTEMBER 25, 2016

Legal Foundation of Sovereignty & Possession In The English New World

“The brothers Christopher and Bartholomew Columbus had offered their westward...

0

SEPTEMBER 25, 2016

English Possessions In America Were Claimed By Anglo-Christian Right Of Discovery

The English possessions in America were not claimed by right of conquest, but by right of...

0

SEPTEMBER 25, 2016

Holy See Statement As To The Doctrine Of Discovery

  Webster’s New International Dictionary of the English Language, published in...

0

SEPTEMBER 24, 2016

George Washington And The Moor With the Horse

To the left is a French engraving, circa 1780, showing  General Washington holding...

3

SEPTEMBER 24, 2016

El Glaoui Pasha of Marrakesh The Original Black Panther

“Influence for the “Black Panther” concept derives from the Moor, Thami...

0

SEPTEMBER 24, 2016

U.S. Founding Fathers Included Islam Thomas Jefferson Didn’t Just Own A Quran

At a time when most Americans were uninformed, misinformed, or simply afraid of Islam,...

0

SEPTEMBER 24, 2016

The Discovery of America Was An Outgrowth Of Conquering The Moors in Spain

This is a fascinating book, and not too long to read either. I find it amazingly...

1

SEPTEMBER 24, 2016

“Let Us Be Moors” Islam, Race And “Connected Histories” By Hishaam Aidi

The following information is derived from a paper from Colombia University, Source:...

0

SEPTEMBER 24, 2016

From the Moors of The Soudan Have Descended Most African Americans

  From the Negroes proper of the Sudan have descended most American...

0

SEPTEMBER 24, 2016

The Mohammedan Africans Remain Of The Old Stock Of Slave Imports

  “As the old stock from Africa died out of the country the grosser customs,...

0

SEPTEMBER 24, 2016

16th Century AD Medieval Iberian Moriscos Silver Carnealian Ring

This is a beautiful complete original example of a silver Moriscos (Moorish), late...

0

SEPTEMBER 24, 2016

Columbus Plan: Sail West to Set up Trading Post to Finance Crusade Against Moors !

Less well known was a voyage by Columbus to the Gold Coast in West Africa in 1481,...

0

SEPTEMBER 23, 2016

The First Book of the Introduction of Knowledge

Andrew Borde’s The First Book of the Introduction of Knowledge (1547) describes...

0

SEPTEMBER 23, 2016

Ezaldeen, Muhammad a.k.a. Lomax Bey Founder Of The Addeynu Allahe Universal Arabic Association

Ezaldeen, Muhammad Born: 1886 Died: 1957 Occupation: founder of the Addeynu Allahe...

1

SEPTEMBER 23, 2016

Abdul Hamid Suleiman And The Origins Of The Moorish Science Temple

In 1923, a story coming out of New Jersey was picked up by the well-known national...

2

SEPTEMBER 23, 2016

Before the Fez Ali & the Canaanite Temple in Newark, New Jersey

Most accounts of Ali’s religious genesis began with his founding of the Canaanite...

0

SEPTEMBER 23, 2016

Diplomatic Relations of the United States with the Barbary Coast, 1790-1801

In the meantime Adams and Jefferson were attempting to conclude a treaty with Tripoli....

0

SEPTEMBER 22, 2016

Islam Has More To Offer To The Children Of Ham

        See The Future of Islam – Wilfred Scawen Blunt  ...

0

SEPTEMBER 22, 2016

Hamites are Classed as under “White” In the USA

In its decision in the case of U.S. v. Bhagat Singh Thind (1923), the Supreme Court...

0

SEPTEMBER 22, 2016

IS D.C. Universe Moor Character A Hero Or Villain?

Is the Moor a Hero or Villain? It appears that he is Both. It seems he is a Villain to...

0

SEPTEMBER 22, 2016

Britain And Barbary 1589 -1689 Nabil Matar

“This important and fascinating study of early modern England’s relationship...

0

SEPTEMBER 22, 2016

Moorish Origin Of The Red, Black And Green Pan Afro-American Liberation Flag

As  you view this Blog and the Source to the Black Power Flag aka RBG Flag, notice it...

1

SEPTEMBER 22, 2016

They Strove To Convert Moors But Were Prevented

In this edition Malta is conflated with the Inquisition as a place of “Great...

0

SEPTEMBER 22, 2016

Evelyn Carefully Distinguished The Moorish From The Turkish Flow

Evelyn’s administration for the richness of the visitor’s dress betrays a...

0

SEPTEMBER 22, 2016

Islam and English Law

It remains curious in this regard that little effort is made to examine the attempts...

0

SEPTEMBER 21, 2016

Islam And The English Enlightenment, 1670–1840 By Humberto Garcia

A dedicated collector of manuscripts on the Islamic sciences, theology, poetry, music,...

0

SEPTEMBER 21, 2016

Treaties in Islam By Abu Tariq

The following is a useful article written by a brother some time ago. It is especially...

1

SEPTEMBER 21, 2016

Moorish Trade Agreements With The English Hurt Spanish Bread

  England entered in a trading relationship with Morocco detrimental to Spain,...

0

SEPTEMBER 21, 2016

The Word Moor Is Older Than Negro

In the Century dictionary and cyclopedia By Benjamin Eli Smith  the terms Moor and...

1

SEPTEMBER 21, 2016

First Three English Books On America: 1511-1555 A.D

In  The First Three English Books On America we find continuous commentary on the Moors...

0

SEPTEMBER 21, 2016

Ancient Times: Morocco was Mauritania Tingitana

  In Modern History Or the Present State of All Nations, Volume 3 By...

0

SEPTEMBER 21, 2016

Islam in the Mind of American Courts: 1800 to 1960 By Marie A. Failinger

This paper produced by Marie A. Failinger provides excellent references and details....

0

SEPTEMBER 21, 2016

Ancient Kush: Arabia And Her Ancient Races

Dr. Wesley Muhammad broke down in detail with supporting references that the arabic word...

2

SEPTEMBER 21, 2016

Moor Also Applied To Natives of Hispaniola [Haiti and Dominican Republic]

In 1872 two men began work on a lexicon of words of Asian origin used by the British in...

1

SEPTEMBER 21, 2016

Moor vs. Negro vs. Afro-American vs. Black

“The English word “Negro” is a derivative of the Spanish and Portuguese...

2

SEPTEMBER 20, 2016

English Institutions And The American Moor

James Alton James (17 September 1864, Jefferson, Wisconsin – 12 February...

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SEPTEMBER 20, 2016

“Moors” Of West Africa And The Beginnings Of The Portuguese Slave Trade

While there is no doubt that the idea of natural slavery ultimately came to dominate this...

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SEPTEMBER 20, 2016

Blackamoor Was Initially Used Without ‘Depreciatory Force’

In  Race, Colour and the Processes of Racialization: New Perspectives….we find the...

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SEPTEMBER 20, 2016

U.S. House Votes To Ban Negro But Omits “Black”

WASHINGTON — Politicians have a habit of burying important information. There are bills...

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SEPTEMBER 20, 2016

The Terms “Black” And “Negro” In U.S. Law Are Equal To “Slave” and “Criminal”

       The first source I will provide comes directly from the American Bar...

1

SEPTEMBER 20, 2016

Berbers and Others: Beyond Tribe and Nation in the Maghrib By Katherine E. Hoffman, Susan Gilson Miller

Berbers and Others offers fresh perspectives on new forms of social and political...

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SEPTEMBER 20, 2016

The Law Of Freedom And Bondage In The United States

Discussion on Moors can be found on pages 162, 234, 341 in The Law of Freedom and...

1

SEPTEMBER 20, 2016

Living with Colonialism: Nationalism and Culture in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

“In the early-twentieth century Northern Sudan, use of the term “Black”...

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SEPTEMBER 20, 2016

Land of Kush: Geographical Origin Of The “Moors”

In German the word “Mohr” [Moor] is associated with people perceived to be...

0

SEPTEMBER 20, 2016

British Academics Angry At GCSE Course That Says Moors Arrived In Britain Before Englishmen

Painting depicts how the ‘Ivory Bangle Lady’ may have looked...

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SEPTEMBER 19, 2016

Moors in Tudor England, their Presence, Status and Origins

Blackamoores: Africans in Tudor England, their Presence, Status and Origins written...

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SEPTEMBER 19, 2016

Moors Have Always Asserted Their Rights As A Distinct Nationality

“According to David Mac Ritchie ” Mr. Skene does not regard Fordun’s...

1

SEPTEMBER 19, 2016

Kush: Geographical Origin Of The “Moors”

In German the word “Mohr” [Moor] is associated with people perceived to be...

0

SEPTEMBER 19, 2016

Moors In European Cultural History: Luther calls Tirhakah “King of the Moors” or “the Moor King”.

 Serah, the Moor and Tirhakah king of Moors [Kush] Actor Will Smith is developing a...

1

SEPTEMBER 19, 2016

Blacks Must Contend For Recognition As Moors

Most of the Black Power heads often like to cite this book in effort to...

1