“Berber Country.–This word more than the “land of the barbarians,” and seems, like our modern “Barbary States,” to refer to the Berber race, as representing the ancient Hamitic stock of North Africa. The northern Red Sea coast, referred to as Barbara in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. “
Source: The Periplus of the Erythræan sea: travel and trade in the Indian Ocean By Wilfred H. Schoff
“In a later inscription of Rameses II at Karnak (1300 BC), Beraberata is given as the name of a southern conquered people. Thus it is suggested that Barabra is a real ethnical name, confused later with Greek and Roman barbarus, and revived in its proper meaning subsequent to the Muslim conquest.
“A tribe living on the banks of the Nile between Wadi Halfa and Assuan are called Barabra. The term “Barabra” is now rejected by Nubians, as it is understood as a pejorative term used as an insult in reference to skin colour, low intellect and brutishness.”
Source: Chisholm 1911
“Thus, it is suggested that Barabra is a real ethnical name, confused later with Greek and Roman barbarus, and revived in its proper meaning subsequent to the Moslem conquest. A tribe living on the banks of the Nile between Wadi Haifa and Assuan are called Barabra”
Source: 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Barabra
“Ethnology.—As an ethnical expression the term Nuba or Nubian has little value. Rejected by the presumable descendants of Diocletian’s Nobatae, who now call themselves Berber or Barābara, it has become synonymous in the Nile valley with “slave,” or “negro slave.” This is due to the large number of slaves drawn by Arab dealers from the Nūba negroes of Kordofan, who appear to constitute the original stock of the Nubian races (but see Hamitic Races). On the other hand, the name has never included all the inhabitants of Nubia. Peoples of three distinct stocks inhabit the country—the comparatively recent Semitic Arab intruders, mainly in Upper Nubia, the Beja (? Hamitic) family of tribes (the Ababda, Bisharin, Hadendoa, Beni-Amer, &c.), everywhere between the Nile and the Red Sea; and the Nubians (Nuba or Barābira), in Lower Nubia, where they are now almost exclusively confined to the banks of the Nile, from Assuan southwards to Dongola. Ethnologically these modern Nubians are a very mixed people, but their affiliation to negroes or negroids, which is based on physical and linguistic grounds, is confirmed by what is known of the history of the Nilotic peoples. “
Source: 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Nubia
“But since the name of Beraberata has been discovered on the Theban list of tribes, it hardly to be doubted that the term “Barabra” is dervied from it. But however, this may be, Uanna Negroes, as well as the Beraberata, have become the Barabras of our days, but not without diverse crossings with different populations.”
Source: North-east Africa By Elisée Reclus
“people of Berber, or as identical with Barabara, figuring in the inscription on a gateway of Tethmosis I. However this may be, tribal titles, Barabara and Beraberata, appear in Egyptian inscriptions of 1700 and 1300 B.C., and the Berbers were probably intimately related with the Egyptians in very early times. “
Source: Barabara Sentence Examples
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