“Among the Libyans or Berbers are to be reckoned the Amazerks and Sheloks, descendants of the Mauritanians, the most ancient inhabitants of Morocco; furthermore, the Kabyles, descendants of the Numidians, and other tribes in Algeria; a few remains in Tunis and Tripoli, and also the dwellers in the oases at the foot of the Atlas Mountains in the oasis of Awdjila, south of Barca, and in Siwah (the oasis of Ammon); moreover, the Imosharghs (in Arabic Tuariks, ‘night robbers’); probably the ancient Gaetulians; and finally the Guanches, upon the Canary Islands, by whom one hundred years ago the Berber language was still spoken.”
“To the Cushites belong the Bedja, descendants of the Blemyes and of the Ethiopians of Meroe, with the nearly related branches of the Bisharin in the desert east of the Nile; the Ababdeh, dwelling to the north of them, the Zabadeans of Ptolemy; the Shukurieh, east of Khartum; the Hamran upon the Setit, an affluent of the Atbara; and the Hadendoa, east of the lower Atbara. After the Bedja follow the Dankall, on the eastern margin of the region extending from the fifteenth degree of latitude to the straits of Bab el Mandeb; the Agau in western Abyssinia, with the Bogos, Falsha, and Jewaressa; the Somali, inhabitants of the only peninsula in Africa; the Galla or Oromo, with the Shoa and numerous subdivisions; and the Saho, northeast from Axum, perhaps a severed branch of the Galla tribe.”
“The physical type of the ancient Egyptians bears a resemblance to that of the Berbers. An inference has been drawn that the Berbers or Libyans are immigrants from Europe. This inference is by no means made improbable by the affinity which clearly exists between the languages of the Egyptians, Berbers, and Cushites,–an affinity, which though not so pronounced as that connecting the Sanskrit and the Greeks, is still indisputable, showing itself most evidently in the structure of the language, and particularly in the pronoun.”
“The Semitic tribes who live adjacent to the Custhies, i.e., the Abyssinians, do not appear on the page of history before the Christian era, though they seem to have immigrated from southern Arabia at an earlier date; they one spoke the now extinct language of the Geez, of which the living representatives are the Tigre and Tigrina; the Amharic dialect, now the chief speech of Abyssinia, though related to that of the Geez, is not in the line of direct descent.”
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