Our Research

Check out our findings, research, studies, and reports from our scholars and researchers.

Understanding Of The Concept Of Treaty In Al-Islam By Anisa Abd El Fattah

Before anyone can look into the various meanings of Al-Hudaybiah treaty, or any Muslim treaty hoping perhaps  to ascertain the meaning of certain approaches or tactics used to arrive at agreements, or to enforce agreements, etc. one must understand some…

Washington Irving Re-framed The Representative Tradition Of The Moors

Irving helped to create the modern idea of Christmas. Charles Dickens often gets the credit for inventing the modern Christmas, with goodwill to everyone, the resurrection of old and formerly outdated customs, and the big Christmas feast. It’s certainly true…

West African Moors Beat Columbus By at Least 168 Years

In 1969, Thor Heyerdahl, a Norwegian adventurer crossed the Atlantic ocean from the North African port of Safi, arriving in Barbados, West Indies. His craft was made by local Africans of indigenous papyrus. For his journey he relied on the southbound…

Why Status Correction? Capitis Diminutio Maxima Means Stripped of Name and Heritage

This blog is to inform Moors and non Moors who ignorantly subscribe to the Sovereign Citizen misconstrued beliefs as to the meaning and application of Capitis Diminutio in general because it is definitely something Moors and those known as African…

Saturday Review of Politics, Literature, Science and Art, Volume 106

“This is fortified by a religious faith of intense force, amounting often to primitive intolerance. But it should be not be impossible to convince the Moors that neither their independence nor their religion is threatened, and that it will be…

Moorish Europe By Aylmer Von Fleischer Tells Us Dwellers of Arabia Were Black

“In 711 A.D., the Black Moors and others sailed across the straits of Gibraltar and invaded Europe. They stayed in Iberia for centuries. Although they could be brutal at times, their efforts helped lift Europe out of the ‘Dark Ages’…

Mulay Ismail (Reg. 1672-1727) Defended & Supported Jewish Causes In Morocco

“Britons began their seaborne trade in the Mediterranean basin and the east Atlantic during the reign of Queen Elizabeth and repeatedly found themselves, merchants and sailors alike, clashing with Turks and Moors. At the end of the sixteenth century, numerous…

The Difference Between Moor Rights In American Law And The Rights of U.S. Blacks

 WHEREAS, The Supreme Court of the United States has solemnly declared its opinion that the congressional enactment known as the civil rights law, of February 27, 1875, is not in accordance with the United States Constitution, and consequently inoperative as…

Excerpts From Black History and Black Identity: A Call for a New Historiography

Precursor Black historians made he assumption that the name Africa was given to a large land mass by the millennial black people who lived there, and it was further assumed by them that these people called themselves Africans. First and…

The Moors Part I A Lecture Hosted By Afroasiatics Blogspot Owner‎

The lecture is an exploration of the African and Afroasiatic heritage of the Moors and their lost heritage in North Africa and Spain. For More Information Click Here  (This is a free event. Lecture powerpoint presentation). To the Left is a photoof…

Moor Originally Meant Westerner Not “Black, Negro Or Colored”

The Ancient Moors were indeed black as coal or brown as wood or tree bark complexion(s) and color(s), however the term itself does not mean Black or Negro, as English dictionaries would give the untrained mind the delusion of or…

El Hajj Malik Shabazz Discussion On Who The Moors Are

In the last few chapters of El Hajj Malik Shabazz’s autobiography he made a statement about the Moorish Empire. Elijah Muhammad also made a statement about the Moors in the Theology of time. Ancient Civilizations  “Now then, once you see…

The Moorish Essence of Pensacola By Jeremie Samuel

Local writer Jeremie Samuel points out Moorish architecture in Pensacola, Florida…“Discover hidden treasures of culture in Pensacola through the Moorish Essence of America’s first port city.” The Moorish Essence of Pensacola indulges in the rich history of exploration and cultural…

Constitution Of Medina Was The First Describing A Secular & Pluralistic Society, Not The Magna Carta!

The constitution of Medina and not the Magna Carta was the first ever constitution describing a pluralistic society. The Charter of Medina (Arabic: صحيفة المدينة‎‎, Ṣaḥīfat al-Madīnah; or: ميثاق المدينة, Mīthāq al-Madīnah), also known as the Constitution of Medina (دستور…

The African Caliphate: The Life, Works, and Teaching of Shaykh Usman Dan Fodio (1754 – 1817)

“Prior to the spread of Islam into Hausaland, the inhabitants toiled under a variety of pagan beliefs. Though varying in detail from one community to another, these pagan beliefs usually revolved around a high distant god (ubangiji), who was not…

Africa And The Discovery Of America

“Each group on the shores of Senegal has its griots, the Moors as well as the Peuls, the Mandingos as well as the Tukolors; but, as one proceeds southward, this institution is seen to change, the griot by degrees becoming…

The International Law of Discovery, Indigenous Peoples

  The Doctrine of Discovery is one of the earliest examples of classical international law—that is, the accepted legal norms and principles that control conduct between different states. The Doctrine was developed to regulate European countries’ actions and conflicts over…

England And The Discovery Of America, 1481-1620

The narrative is familiar; the Cabot voyages, the grace of Shadowy ventures in Henry VIII’s reign, and of course the Elizabethan experiments. There are chapters “Sailor and the Sea in the Elizabethan England” and “England and the St. Lawrence, 1577-1502,”…

Legal Foundation of Sovereignty & Possession In The English New World

“The brothers Christopher and Bartholomew Columbus had offered their westward services to Henry VII in 1491-92 in the hopes of receiving patronage,  although there is no evidence that they recieved English royal favour before approaching the rulers of Castile. Perhaps…

English Possessions In America Were Claimed By Anglo-Christian Right Of Discovery

The English possessions in America were not claimed by right of conquest, but by right of discovery. According to the principles of international law, as then understood by the civilized powers of Europe, the Indian tribes in the new world…

Holy See Statement As To The Doctrine Of Discovery

Webster’s New International Dictionary of the English Language, published in 1923, states, under “Family of Nations”: “—f. of nations. Internat. Law, an aggregate of states, which, as a result of their antecedents, have inherited a common civilization, and are at…

George Washington And The Moor With the Horse

To the left is a French engraving, circa 1780, showing  General Washington holding the Declaration of Independence. The Moor with the horse, though not identified, is thought to represent William Lee. William “Billy” Lee (1750–1828), also known as Will Lee, was George Washington’s personal servant and…

El Glaoui Pasha of Marrakesh The Original Black Panther

Influence for the “Black Panther” concept derives from the Moor, Thami El Glaoui also known as Hassan El Glaoui, was the son of the Pasha of Marrakech, Hadj Thami El Glaoui – also known as the Black Panther – was…

U.S. Founding Fathers Included Islam Thomas Jefferson Didn’t Just Own A Quran

At a time when most Americans were uninformed, misinformed, or simply afraid of Islam, Thomas Jefferson imagined Muslims as future citizens of his new nation. His engagement with the faith began with the purchase of a Qur’an eleven years before he…

The Discovery of America Was An Outgrowth Of Conquering The Moors in Spain

This is a fascinating book, and not too long to read either. I find it amazingly interesting because I have spoken to my fellow Moors plenty of times about the title of this book, and to actually find a book…

“Let Us Be Moors” Islam, Race And “Connected Histories” By Hishaam Aidi

“Seamos moros!”wrote the Cuban poet and nationalist José Martí in 1893, in support of the Berber uprising against Spanish rule in northern Morocco. “Let us be Moors…the revolt in the Rif…is not an isolated incident, but an outbreak of the change and…

From the Moors of The Soudan Have Descended Most African Americans

  From the Negroes proper of the Sudan have descended most American Negroes See U.S. Immigration Commission Dictionary of races or peoples. The name Sudan is probably a confusing term, especially to modern learners of history as it is a recent name given to…

The Mohammedan Africans Remain Of The Old Stock Of Slave Imports

The Moral and Religious Condition of the Slave Negro Population. Ignorance of the doctrines and duties of Christianity is prevalent among the Negroes. Their notions of the Supreme Being; of the character and offices of Christ and of the Holy…

16th Century AD Medieval Iberian Moriscos Silver Carnealian Ring

This is a beautiful complete original example of a silver Moriscos (Moorish), late Medieval ring from Iberia – modern day Spain and Portugal. The ring is dated Circa: 15th – 16th Century. The band is silver and convex in section which…

Columbus Plan: Sail West to Set up Trading Post to Finance Crusade Against Moors !

Less well known was a voyage by Columbus to the Gold Coast in West Africa in 1481, sponsored by King John II of Portugal. In contrast to the Eurocentric myth of disorder and barbarism prevalent in Africa, during this voyage…

The First Book of the Introduction of Knowledge

Andrew Borde’s The First Book of the Introduction of Knowledge (1547) describes the customs and manners of various nations, from the English and their neighbors to the Moors, the Turks, the Egyptians, and the Jews. Borde was a doctor and the author…

Ezaldeen, Muhammad a.k.a. Lomax Bey Founder Of The Addeynu Allahe Universal Arabic Association

Ezaldeen, Muhammad Born: 1886 Died: 1957 Occupation: founder of the Addeynu Allahe Universal Arabic Association From: Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History. Detroit was directed by the temple’s first leader, James Lomax who formed what may have been called the “Mohammedan Church…

Abdul Hamid Suleiman And The Origins Of The Moorish Science Temple

In 1923, a story coming out of New Jersey was picked up by the well-known national literary magazine The Smart Set. A man, claiming to have religious authority derived from his connection to Mecca, had begun a movement for spreading Mohammedanism…

Before the Fez Ali & the Canaanite Temple in Newark, New Jersey

Most accounts of Ali’s religious genesis began with his founding of the Canaanite Temple in 1913 Newark, New Jersey without actually probing its veracity and accuracy. Interestingly, Ali himself never utilized the term “Canaanite Temple” in his literature. At best,…

Diplomatic Relations of the United States with the Barbary Coast, 1790-1801

In the meantime Adams and Jefferson were attempting to conclude a treaty with Tripoli. The initiative, relative to this, had been taken by one Abdurrahman, a Tripolitan ambassador in London. To an acquaintance he had expressed surprise that Adams had…

Dictionary Defines The Hebrew Term “Cushite” As “Moor” in English

A page from Elia Levita’s 16th century Yiddish-Hebrew-Latin-German dictionary contains a list of nations, including the word “כושי” Cushite or Cushi, translated to Latin as “Aethiops” and into German as “Mor”.  [Translated into Modern English as Moor].  The Egyptian priest Manetho (c….

The Story Of The Moors In Spain: Backwards Ones Are Called Negroes [Blacks]

The Story of the Moors in Spain is a history of the Moorish Empire in Andalusia, chronicling the rise and fall of the Islamic empire, and with it the stymie of a “civilized and enlightened State.” Author Stanley Lane-Poole catalogues…

Islam Has More To Offer To The Children Of Ham

        See The Future of Islam – Wilfred Scawen Blunt      

Hamites are Classed as under “White” In the USA

In its decision in the case of U.S. v. Bhagat Singh Thind (1923), the Supreme Court deemed Asian Indians ineligible for citizenship because U.S. law allowed only free whites to become naturalized citizens. The court conceded that Indians were “Caucasians” and that anthropologists…

IS D.C. Universe Moor Character A Hero Or Villain?

Is the Moor a Hero or Villain? It appears that he is Both. It seems he is a Villain to the Justice League but a Hero in his own homeland North Africa, I suppose that position would work the same…

Turks, Moors, and Englishmen in the Age of Discovery

For Foss, the three-year ordeal of captivity had no religious relevance. This indifference to religion did not, however, prevent Foss from advancing a strong anti-Muslim invective. Just as the Indian captivity account served to foment anti-Indian hatred, Foss used his…

Islam in Britain, 1558-1685

The “Turks ad Moors” of North Africa and the rest of the Ottoman dominions were spreading alarm in England, Wales and elsewhere in the British Isles, especially among fisherman, sailors, traders ad the Levant Company’s representatives in Parliament. From Minehead…

Britain And Barbary 1589 -1689 Nabil Matar

“This important and fascinating study of early modern England’s relationship to North Africa by the foremost expert on the topic is magisterial in its reach and groundbreaking in the implications it holds for seventeenth-century English culture and political history.”–Mihoko Suzuki,…

Moorish Origin Of The Red, Black And Green Pan Afro-American Liberation Flag

As  you view this Blog and the Source to the Black Power Flag aka RBG Flag, notice it was piggy backed from the BRG Flags of the Mahdi of the  eastern Sudan, Africa. Yes, sir I say “eastern” because the…

They Strove To Convert Moors But Were Prevented

In this edition Malta is conflated with the Inquisition as a place of “Great Tryals,” “Cruel Sufferings,” and “Confinement.” The reference to St. Pal is noticeable absent from this title, which not only confirms Malta as a malign locale in…

Evelyn Carefully Distinguished The Moorish From The Turkish Flow

Evelyn’s administration for the richness of the visitor’s dress betrays a well-established fascination with the exoticism of the East, presenting an opportunity for spectacle and display that was quickly seized upon by Restoration dramatist. Evelyn carefully distinguishes the Moroccan from…

Islam and English Law

It remains curious in this regard that little effort is made to examine the attempts medieval Latin-Speaking Christians made to assert their Visigothic roots vis-a-vis Christian communities embracing Arab culture and language. What continuities may be present here? The second and…

Islam And The English Enlightenment, 1670–1840 By Humberto Garcia

A dedicated collector of manuscripts on the Islamic sciences, theology, poetry, music, history and literature, Shairani used Stubbe’s manuscript as a political tool for bolstering Muslim nationalist sentiments, in the India Punjab and Abroad, and opposing the anti Islamic Orientalism…

Government Cabinets Were Introduced To Europe By The Moors In Cordoba, Spain

Ministerial Cabinets As Most Governments Have Today Were Introduced By the Moors in Cordoba. See The Hidden History of The Islamic Origins of Freemasonry. The various municipal administration posts were filled through the concept of merit and commitment. Loyalty was the…

Treaties in Islam By Abu Tariq

The following is a useful article written by a brother some time ago. It is especially relavent now due to the ongoing peace process in order to legitimise the illegal Israeli state. In 1979, the Egyptian regime signed a peace treaty with…

Moorish Trade Agreements With The English Hurt Spanish Bread

  England entered in a trading relationship with Morocco detrimental to Spain, selling armour, ammunition, timber, metal in exchange for Moroccan sugar, in spite of a Papal ban, Speaking of the Moor: From Alcazar to Othello By Emily Carroll Bartels  …

The Word Moor Is Older Than Negro

In the Century dictionary and cyclopedia By Benjamin Eli Smith  the terms Moor and Negro are found.  Moor is defined on Page 3852 Moor, n. [Earl mod. E. also Moore, More; <ME. More, Moore, Moore = D. Moor = , MLG. Mor (ef. equiv. MLG,…

First Three English Books On America: 1511-1555 A.D

In  The First Three English Books On America we find continuous commentary on the Moors spelled in  the book as Moores or blacke Moores. The three Books are all the oceanic voyages performed by the English in the reign of Henry VIII,…

Ancient Times: Morocco was Mauritania Tingitana

  In Modern History Or the Present State of All Nations, Volume 3 By Tho…: This empire, now called Morocco from a city of that name (on the north part of it at least) was the Mauritania Tingitana of the Romans, and…

Islam in the Mind of American Courts: 1800 to 1960 By Marie A. Failinger

This paper produced by Marie A. Failinger provides excellent references and details. Inside the paper is found the following:  Beyond these early explorers and the occasional free Muslim mentioned in early histories, recent historians of Muslim America suggest that the…

Ancient Kush: Arabia And Her Ancient Races

Dr. Wesley Muhammad broke down in detail with supporting references that the arabic word abyad (meaning “white”) actually applies to “black” or “dark skin pigment” when used by Arabs (in Classical Arabic) when describing their own skin complexion. Furthermore, Dr….

Moor Also Applied To Natives of Hispaniola [Haiti and Dominican Republic]

In 1872 two men began work on a lexicon of words of Asian origin used by the British in India. Since its publication the 1,000-page dictionary has never been out of print and a new edition is due out next…

Moor vs. Negro vs. Afro-American vs. Black

“The English word “Negro” is a derivative of the Spanish and Portuguese word negro, which means black. The Portuguese and Spanish, who were pioneers in the African Slave Trade, used this adjective to designate the African men and women whom…

English Institutions And The American Moor

James Alton James (17 September 1864, Jefferson, Wisconsin – 12 February 1962, Evanston, Illinois) was a United States educator and historian. He spent two years at the Platteville Normal School, and then, after teaching high school two years to pay for the University, entered the University of Wisconsin, where…

“Moors” Of West Africa And The Beginnings Of The Portuguese Slave Trade

While there is no doubt that the idea of natural slavery ultimately came to dominate this interpretative matrix the very earlier European expeditions to the West African coast—that is those of the Portuguese in the 1430’s and 1440s unfolded with…

Blackamoor Was Initially Used Without ‘Depreciatory Force’

In  Race, Colour and the Processes of Racialization: New Perspectives….we find the following: “Another instance of something becoming retrospectively black begins in antiquity with the Greek word nekromanteia which means divination by the dead. However, by the thirteenth century it was…

U.S. House Votes To Ban Negro But Omits “Black”

WASHINGTON — Politicians have a habit of burying important information. There are bills with titles that say nothing about what they will actually do, and as comedian Jon Stewart noted in his swan song on “The Daily Show,” politicians have…

The Terms “Black” And “Negro” In U.S. Law Are Equal To “Slave” and “Criminal”

Abraham Lincoln Represented a Moorish plaintiff from Portugal in William Dungey v. Joseph Spencer. Lincoln Successfully argued: “My client is not a Negro, though it is a crime to be a Negro–no crime to be born with a black skin. But my client…

Berbers and Others: Beyond Tribe and Nation in the Maghrib By Katherine E. Hoffman, Susan Gilson Miller

Berbers and Others offers fresh perspectives on new forms of social and political activism in today’s Maghrib. In recent years, the Amazigh (Berber) movement has become a focus of widespread political, social, and cultural attention in North Africa, Europe, and…

The Law Of Freedom And Bondage In The United States

Discussion on Moors can be found on pages 162, 234, 341 in The Law of Freedom and Bondage in the United States, Volume 1  By J… inside we find: “Whatever foundations there may have been in natural reason for slavery, in the…

Living with Colonialism: Nationalism and Culture in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

In the early-twentieth century Northern Sudan, use of the term “Black” described more an idea than a color. In short, both “Black” and “Sudanese” were a comment on low social status made by those who claimed a higher status. These…

Land of Kush: Geographical Origin Of The “Moors”

In German the word “Mohr” [Moor] is associated with people perceived to be sub-Saharan African, the historical usage aims contrast to people from North-West African regions, especially from East Africa( Ethiopia , Eritrea , Ethiopia , Aksum , Nubia )…

British Academics Angry At GCSE Course That Says Moors Arrived In Britain Before Englishmen

Painting depicts how the ‘Ivory Bangle Lady’ may have looked Archaeologists have revealed the remains of what they say was a “high status” woman of Moorish  origin who lived in York during Roman times. The fascinating study was carried out by…

Moors in Tudor England, their Presence, Status and Origins

Blackamoores: Africans in Tudor England, their Presence, Status and Origins written by Onyeka, is a 2013 book about the African population present in England during the Tudor period. The book was officially launched at the House of Commons on 6 November 2013. Stella Creasy MP, Chi Onwurah…

Moors Have Always Asserted Their Rights As A Distinct Nationality

According to David Mac Ritchie ” Mr. Skene does not regard Fordun’s description as wholly accurate; and Fordun, be it remembered, did not write until two hundred years after this event. Since the north eastern corner of this twelfth century “Moors’ country” has…

Kush: Geographical Origin Of The “Moors”

In German the word “Mohr” [Moor] is associated with people perceived to be sub-Saharan African, the historical usage aims contrast to people from North-West African regions, especially from East Africa( Ethiopia , Eritrea , Ethiopia , Aksum , Nubia )…

Moors In European Cultural History: Luther calls Tirhakah “King of the Moors” or “the Moor King”.

 Serah, the Moor and Tirhakah king of Moors [Kush] Actor Will Smith is developing a film entitled The Last Pharaoh, which he plans to produce and star as Taharqa. Carl Franklin contributed to the script.[18] Randall Wallace was hired to rewrite in September 2008.[19] Taharqa was described by…

Blacks Must Contend For Recognition As Moors

Most of the Black Power heads often like to cite this book in effort to implement Islamaphobia and to use it as a reference to point to blame their own Ancestors for their modern situation in the United States. See Status Correction…