In The First Three English Books On America we find continuous commentary on the Moors spelled in the book as Moores or blacke Moores. The three Books are all the oceanic voyages performed by the English in the reign of Henry VIII, which we have been able to trace. It was under Edward, that English sailors first began to creep down the African coast. In the first voyage to Barbary there were two Moores, being noble men, whereof one was of the King’s blood conveyed by the said Master Thomas Windham into their country out of England. Your humble at your commandment, James Alday The got a Section called “How the King of Portugal Subdued certain places in India: and the rich City o Malacha” The special significance of these voyages lay in the thn accredited proprietorship (through the Papal Bull, reprinted at pp. 201-204) of the Portugese to the entire continent of Africa; and the intentional and studied ignorance of its coast line, in which the World was kept by that nation. Every English voyage to its west coast was therefore at once an act of revolt against the Papacy, and a challenge to the pretensions of Portugal. The First Voyage to Barbary in 1551, Described by James, Alday, Servant to Sebastian Cabot. The original of the first voyage for traffic into the Kingdo of Marocco in Barbarie, begun in the year 1551, with a tall ship called the Lion of London, whereof went as captaine Master Thomas Windham, as appeareth by this extract of a lettr of James Alday, to the worshipfull master Michale Locke, which Alday profetith himself to have ben the first inventer of this trade.
The African sea coast, so honorably and so patiently discovered, was (by all laws, human and divine, hitherto accepted) the posession of its brave discoverers. It was therefore a new impulse, that made our English ships, passing the familiar Straits of Gibraltar on their left hand, to go forward southward, first to Barbary, and the to Guinea; cost what it might. Discoveries are made by successive steps, one after another; and the passage of English ships around the world and to the Eastern seas was but the succession and development of these first attempts to Marocco. All that we know of these Barbary voyages is preserved to us by Hakluyt, who collected his information fort to fifty years after the event, and has thus transmitted it to us.
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